gather


gather
gather vb
1 Gather, collect, assemble, congregate mean to come or to bring together so as to form a group, a mass, or a unit. The same distinctions in applications and in implications characterize their derivative nouns gathering, collection, assemblage (which see) or assembly, congregation.
Gather is the most widely applicable of these words; it may be used in reference not only to persons and objects but to intangible things
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a crowd gathers wherever there is excitement

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gather the boys and girls of the neighborhood for a picnic

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leaves gather in heaps on windy days

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gather the leaves for burning

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beads of moisture gathered on his brow

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gathering his ideas together before planning his speech

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In certain phrases gather acquires additional specific connotations; thus, gathering flowers or crops implies plucking and culling as well as bringing together; gathering a ruffle implies a drawing together or into folds on a thread; gathering one's wits connotes an effort at concentration or at mustering or rallying mental forces.
Collect is often used in place of gather with no intended difference in meaning
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collect leaves

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leaves collect

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beads of moisture collected on his brow

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But collect may convey, as gather does not, the ideas of careful selection or a principle of selection, of orderly arrangement, or of a definitely understood though not always expressed end in view; thus, to collect butterflies implies a selection of specimens and, usually, their cataloguing; to collect books (as in book collector) implies a choice of books with regard to some such principle as rarity, beauty of binding, or authorship. There is a subtle difference between to gather one's thoughts, which often merely implies previous scattering, and to collect one's thoughts, which implies their organization; there is also a difference between to gather money, which may mean merely to accumulate it, and to collect money, which usually suggests either raising a fund by gifts, subscriptions, and contributions or taking action to obtain possession of money due. Collect and collection are often preferred to gather and gathering when various things are brought together; thus, a jumble or an omnium- gatherum is a miscellaneous collection rather than a gathering; collect rather than gather enough chairs for all the guests to sit down.
Assemble stresses more emphatically than either gather or collect a close union of individuals and a conscious or a definite end in their coming or in their being brought together. It is used chiefly in reference to persons who gather together, either of their own will or at the call of another, so as to form a group or body that will unite in action or join in counsel or discussion
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the democratic rights of free speech and free assembly

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the most renowned experts on the history, geography, economics, and politics of all the nations of the world ... assembled under one roof— Alsop & Braden

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even after a new crew had . . . been assembled, I had qualms about setting forth over the treacherous waters of the China Sea— Heiser

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In reference to things assemble implies an agent who collects them in order to unite them into a single body or structure or into a distinct and isolated group; thus, the assembly department of an automobile plant is the department in which the workmen build the cars by assembling the component parts made in other departments or in other factories
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it took twenty years to assemble this collection of musical instruments

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Congregate implies a flocking together into a crowd, a huddle, or a mass
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cattle congregate during a storm

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pass laws forbidding persons to congregate on the streets

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congregations of atoms excited and lucent, mingled with free electricity— D arrow

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Congregation is specifically applied to an assembly meeting for religious worship, but it usually retains the suggestion of a crowd that has flocked together.
Analogous words: *accumulate, amass, hoard: *heap, pile, stack, mass
2 *reap, glean, garner, harvest
Analogous words: see those at GATHER 1
3 *infer, deduce, conclude, judge

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gather — Gath er (g[a^][th] [ e]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gathered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gathering}.] [OE. gaderen, AS. gaderian, gadrian, fr. gador, geador, together, fr. g[ae]d fellowship; akin to E. good, D. gaderen to collect, G. gatte husband, MHG. gate …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gather — [gath′ər] vt. [ME gaderen < OE gad(e)rian, akin to OFris gaduria, Du gaderen < IE base * ghedh , to unite, join > (TO)GETHER, GOOD, Ger gatte, spouse] 1. to cause to come together in one place or group 2. to get or collect gradually from …   English World dictionary

  • Gather — Gath er, v. i. 1. To come together; to collect; to unite; to become assembled; to congregate. [1913 Webster] When small humors gather to a gout. Pope. [1913 Webster] Tears from the depth of some divine despair Rise in the heart, and gather to the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gather — or gatherer can refer to:Anthropology and sociology*Hunter gatherer, a person or a society whose subsistence depends on hunting and gathering of wild foods *Bee (gathering), an old term which describes a group of people coming together for a task …   Wikipedia

  • gather — [v1] come or bring together accumulate, aggregate, amass, assemble, associate, bunch up, capture, choose, close with, cluster, collect, concentrate, congregate, convene, converge, corral, crowd, cull, draw, draw in, flock, forgather, gang up,… …   New thesaurus

  • gather — O.E. gadrian, gædrian unite, agree, assemble; gather, collect, store up, used of flowers, thoughts, persons; from P.Gmc. *gadurojan bring together, unite (Cf. O.E. gæd fellowship, companionship, gædeling companion; M.L.G. gadderen; O.Fris.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • gather — ► VERB 1) come or bring together; assemble or accumulate. 2) harvest (a crop). 3) collect plants, fruits, etc., for food. 4) draw together or towards oneself. 5) develop a higher degree of: the movement is gathering pace. 6) infer; understand. 7) …   English terms dictionary

  • Gather — Gath er, n. 1. A plait or fold in cloth, made by drawing a thread through it; a pucker. [1913 Webster] 2. (Carriage Making) The inclination forward of the axle journals to keep the wheels from working outward. [1913 Webster] 3. (Arch.) The soffit …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gather — I (accumulate) verb accrue, aggregate, assume, batch, collect, compile, concentrate, congregate, conjoin, connect, convene, cull, deduce, deduct, extract, gain, garner, gather, harvest, hold, join, mass, obtain, pick, pluck, procure, read, reap,… …   Law dictionary

  • gather in — index hoard Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary


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